Types of Air Conditioning Systems


There are a few different types of air conditioning systems available. Each different type has pros and cons, and deciding on one is very dependant upon your needs and situations. The primary examples of air conditioning systems include:

  • Traditional Split A/C Systems
  • Ductless Mini-Split A/C Systems
  • Package A/C Systems
  • Swamp Coolers and Evaporative Coolers

Traditional Split A/C Systems

Traditional split air conditioning systems separate the evaporative section of the system from the condensing section. The two halves of the system are then linked via refrigerant lines. The evaporative side of the system cools the air by evaporating liquid refrigerant when air is passed over it. The condensing side condenses the vaporized refrigerant back to a liquid for the cycle to start all over again.

These are by far the most common types of air conditioning systems around. They are easy to install and maintain. The only unfortunate part about these systems is that they take up a large amount of space.

Ductless Mini-Split A/C Systems

Ductless mini-split A/C systems are the newest type of home air conditioning systems on the market. They work similarly to traditional split systems with one significant difference: they don’t use ductwork. They make the connection from the evaporator to the condenser via refrigerant lines and then pump the cooled air directly from the evaporator coil into space (after passing it through a filter, of course).

The biggest downside to these systems is that they are not really designed to cool an entire home or business. Ductless split systems are best at cooling smaller spaces and individual rooms.

Package A/C Systems

Package A/C systems are different than either type of split system in that they house the condenser and the evaporator sections of the system in one unit. These systems are usually reserved for cooling large, open spaces and for commercial applications. In fact, you’ll find package A/C systems on the rooftops of most commercial buildings.

Swamp Coolers and Evaporative Coolers

Swamp coolers and evaporative coolers are the same things. They differ from split and package systems in that they do not use any kind of refrigerant at all. Instead, they pass air through a pad that is soaked in water and then pumps that air into the space to be cooled.

Swamp coolers are really only useful in dry, hot climates. If the humidity rises above 50%, then the effectiveness of a swamp/evaporative cooler drops exponentially.

Contact Our Air Conditioning Experts Today

Regardless of the type of air conditioner you have, our team of HVAC technicians has the training and knowledge to service it. So, what are you waiting for? Whether you have a traditional split A/C system, a package system, a mini-split, or a swamp cooler, the technicians here at Albuquerque Plumbing Heating & Cooling have you covered.

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